Low Blood Pressure Level: Causes and Treatment

The blood pressure level is the force exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries and other vessels in the circulatory system in order to flow throughout the body. The normal values for an adult are in the range between 90/60 and 120/85 mmHg (millimeters of mercury), so a measurement below the minimum indicates a low blood pressure level on Omron BP785, a medical condition also known as hypotension. A low blood pressure level is not an issue referring strictly to the cardiovascular system, it affects the entire body and it can greatly influence one’s overall health state.

Causes of a Low Blood Pressure Level

The causes of low blood pressure level are not always obvious and can vary significantly from an individual to another. Commonly, hypotension might be caused by a reduced blood volume as a result of dehydration, extended vomiting or diarrhea, severe blood loss or body organ inflammation. If one has a heart disease, like for example a weak heart muscle, low blood pressure level might be a direct consequence of the heart not being able to pump the blood with enough force. Some medications might also lead to a lower than normal blood pressure in an individual. Among the medications known to have a negative impact on the blood pressure level are those used to treat depression and the associated mental problems. Medications used to treat high blood pressure, diuretics and beta blockers, are other causes of hypotension, together with Viagra and calcium channel blockers. Narcotics, tobacco, coffee and alcohol can also determine a low blood pressure.

Low Blood Pressure Level Treatment

It is very hard to define a threshold below which treatment for low blood pressure level is needed, since every individual’s body is unique in this regard. It is not uncommon for some persons that have a low blood pressure level, consisting in measurements below 90/60 mmHg and still shown no sign of hypotension. Others, even when having blood pressure in the normal range, might experience symptoms such as dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting. The low blood pressure level treatment depends on what exactly is causing the hypotension condition. If the blood volume is smaller than it should be, you must get fluids into the body immediately. You should drink 6 to 8 glasses of water per day, and probably some electrolyte-based energy drinks for proper hydration. In case of a large blood loss a transfusion might prove necessary, in the case of organ inflammation the underlying condition that causes it should be dealt with by an adequate medical treatment. In case certain medication that you are currently on is causing a low blood pressure level you should talk to your doctor to change the prescription to avoid more serious complications. Continuing to use medications that lead to hypotension is very dangerous for your health.